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Справочник инструктора по горным лыжам и сноуборду

Обязанности   Принципы работы   Обучение детей
Словарь англ.яз. инструкторa Часть 1      Словарь англ.яз. инструктора Часть 2 
Методика на английском, лыжи       
Экзамены на курсах инструкторов    Экзамен по технике    Экзамен по теории     Экзамен по методике обучения
Преподавательский состав на курсах     Примерное расписание занятий на курсах
История горнолыжных техник и методик обучения в разных странах
История развития конструкции сноуборда и техники катания на нем

НЛИ.Методика работы инструктора уровня С (начинающие) на английском языке.Сноуборд.Редакция 2007г

Работа горнолыжного инструктора должна предусматривать некоторое знание языков в пределах обычного общения и для осуществления профессиональной деятельности. Даже при работе на российских просторах иногда приходится заниматься с иностранными гражданами, не владеющими русским языком. Даже если Ваше знание английского минимально, оно позволит наладить контакт. Вот как выглядит методика обучения:
Текст на русском здесь


INTRODUCTION
Objective: Formal opening, introduction, check out of the equipment and gear, explanation of the FIS rules, warming up.
Introduction
o    Introduction myself
o    Introduction people of the group
o    Explain school time and meeting place
o    Explain goal of lesson
o    Answer the questions
Check out the equipment and gear
o    Snowboard - length
o    Binding - angle, distance between bindings, safety belt
o    Shoes
o    Gear
o    Stance (regular, goofy)
o    Explain how to carry and lay down the board
Terminology: Just before the start of the practical training on the snow it is good to clarify the terms which are important for understanding of the explanation.
o    Front leg
o    Back leg
o    Nose of the board
o    Tail of the board
o    Front edge
o    Back edge
o    Goofy
o    Regular
We have two basic stances:
REGULAR - left foot in front, GOOFY - right foot in front.
Some tests to choose the stance: back leg is the leg you stand on when you holding the balance, back leg is kicking one when playing football, slide stance and others.
 Holding, carrying and putting away the board
o    We carry the snowboard under the arm, as close to the body as
possible,
o    Safety strap should be bound around the wrist to prevent the board
from running away when slipping or falling,
 o    Put the snowboard binding down to prevent its running away,
o    Never stick the board into the snow.
Explain the FIS Rules - we explain the correct behavior on the slopes.
Warming up
... It is very important at the start of every lesson to prepare the body physically and mentally to avoid injuries. Warming up must be done in regard to the specific needs of the group or individual characteristics (age, physical predisposition and skills, weather etc.)
Active exercises without the snowboard:
o    Running, jump, tag, turns
o    Run on the spot, up the hill, in circle
o    Running races, competitions etc.
Stretching
o    Stretching to warm up the body, carry out the rules of stretching exercises
Balance exercises
o    Balancing - frontside, backside with closed eyes
o    Standing on one leg with closed eyes (with magic stick)
o    Pushing
o    Coordination exercises
o    Competitions
o    Straight jumps
II.    STANDING AND MOVING EXERCISES
Objective: Getting used of the equipment, basic balance by standing, moving with snowboard.
Terrain: Flat, prepared terrain.
Safety: safe and general place enough free place between other members of the group.
 1.    Standing exercises with one leg:
1.    Explain how to put the snowboard on.
2.    Move snowboard forward, backward.
3.    Step forward, backward-edge snowboard.
4.    Lifting the board.
5.    Turns on the spot.
2.    Moving exercises with one leg:
1.    Walking (up the hill)
2.    Scooter.
3.    Competitions.
3. Standing exercises with both legs:
1.   Put the snowboard on while sitting; explain how to get up.
2.   Easy jumps on the spot.
3.   Touch the nose and tail.
4.   Gliding movement with the board, lifting the nose and tail of the board.
5.   Edging on the frontside and backside edging, help of the partner.
6.   Jumps on the spot and turn to different directions.
7.   Explain how to fall.
How to put the snowboard on:
We put the snowboard while sitting. Put the board across the fall line and put in front leg. At first we put on the big strep and then the small one. We always bind the back foot as the last one. If the area is flat enough, it is possible to put it on while standing.
Getting up
o    Getting up on backside - move the pelvis to the board (middle position!), set the board on the edges. We twist the body with the front arm we try to reach as far as possible and with the back hand we try to push off and get up.
o    Getting up on the frontside - set the board on frontside edge, bend your legs and push off with hands to get up.
Turns when lying on the snow
Bend the front leg and in the air carry it to the other side over the straight back leg (regular to the right, goofy to the left).
 Falling technique
o    Falling technique on the frontside - we lower the centre of gravity and we try to spread the weight on the bent arms and
knees.
o    Falling technique on the backside - we lower the centre of
gravity and we try to spread the weight on our bum and back, we pull the chin up, we never put arms under the body.
o    The falls only explain.
III.STRAIGHT RUN
Objective: Straight run, balance while straight run, sliding.
Terrain: Flat, prepared slope.
Safety: Safe, general place. Enough space between the students.
Basic position - relaxed and straight stance on the board, ankles, hips and shoulders are slightly bended, the weight is evenly spread on both legs, shoulders and hips should be turn to the side you will be riding (+ position), look forward, arms are slightly bent - sideward along body.
Straight run with one foot in the binding:
1.    Explain and demonstrate.
2.    Repeat basic position.
3.    Straight run.
4.    Straight run - vertical motion.
5.    Straight run - motion forward, backward, touch nose and tail.
6.    Straight run - balance right, left.
7.    Straight run - put up and down your back leg.
8.    J-tum (stop).
9.    Straight run - throw the snowball, glove.
Straight run with both legs in the binding:
1.   Explain and demonstrate.
2.   Straight run - vertical motion.
3.   Straight run - motion forward, backward.
4.   Straight run - balance right, left.
Exercises with both legs we do only, when we have right terrain.  
IV.SLIPPING IN THE FALLINE
Objective: Controlled slipping in the fall line, regulation of the speed. Terrain: Moderate, prepared slope. Safety: Safe, general slope.
Description of the movement
The base of correct slipping is basic position. Trough flexion in ankles and knees board flatten and start slipping. Then we increase angle of edging and stop slipping.
Exercises:
1.   Explain and demonstrate.
2.   Slipping with and without the help.
3.   Stop and go.
4.   Slow and quick slipping in the fall line.
5.   Sliding at command (verbal, visual)
Problem-solution:
o    Problem start sliding - repeat standing exercise (choose a
steep hill)
o    Wrong weight on the board - correct basic position o    Looking down on the frontside - Look straight forward o    Board's tail or nose turns into the fall line- it is caused by
incorrect weight balance (partner helps and corrects right
posture and leads him/her)
V.SIDE SLIPPING
Objective: Controlled side slipping with change of weight, change of the direction.
Terrain: Moderate terrain, prepared slope. Safety: Safe and general place.
Description of the movement
From slipping in the fall line we change of weight turns slightly board to the new direction, board start side slipping, we look into the new direction.
 To stop the traversing we shift the weight back on both legs and increase edging. Shoulders, arms and hips should be turn to the direction you will be riding (+ position).
Explain and demonstration
From slipping in the fall line change of weight, side slipping.
Link side slipping.
Link side slipping- faster slowly.
Side slipping on the target.
Problem - solution:
o    Students slides backward- the weight on the wrong leg
o    Too fast side slipping - correct the edging angle
o    The head is not turned in the direction of the ride- repeat the basic
stance again
o    Wrong weight shift to the front foot- to accent it, instructor can show,
using his/her hand the student which foot he puts the weight on at
the moment
o    Downcutting of the upper edge- lower the pressure on the upper
edge
o    The students looks down-problems with balance-look horizontally
VI.USING THE LIFT
Objective: Learn to use the lift, more attractive and faster learning.
Description of the motion:
Put the snowboard with the front foot binded. Your free back foot stands in front of the front/back edge, take the pole of the lift and put it behind the thigh of the front leg with the back leg we stand on the board between the binding and we try to keep the balance evenly on both legs. Don't sit down on T-bar lift. Relax your posture and let the pole pull you up. Cooperation with you colleges and with the lift operator is a guarantee of success. After the first ride explain FIS rules again.
Exercises:
1.   Explain and demonstrate.
2.   Repeat exercise "scooter"
3.   Simulation ride with the poles t-bar.
4.    Ride the lift.       
 
 VII.DRIFT TURN WITH CHANGE OF WEIGHTING
Objective: Link drift turns with change of weighting. Terrain: Flat terrain, prepared slope. Safety: Safe and general place.
Description of the movement
From the traverse in the basic position we change the weight diagonally on the front leg by bending ankles and knees and we flatten the board. The board drift passively into the fall line. Follows edging with the gentle leaning of the body inside to the next turn, we finish the turn in the basic position.
1.   Drift turn with change of weighting - progressive way.
Exercises:
1.   Explanation and demonstration SB - teacher.
2.   Standing exercise.
3.   Side slipping backwards, change of weighting, change the edge, turn uphill.
4.   One turn.
5.   Link turns.
6.   Technique program.
2.   Drift turn change of weighting-standard way.
Exercises:
1.    Explanation and demonstration SB - teacher.
2.    Half turn - fan progression.
3.    Garland.
4.    One turn.
5.    Link turns.
6.    Technique program.
Problem - solution
oRotation-keep the basic position, intensive change of weighting.
Vertical movement - keep the basic position, intensive change of
weighting.
o    Leaning with the body to the turn - technique program o    Stiff legs - stationary exercise.
VIII DRIFT TURN UP - UNWEIGHTING
Objective: Link drift turns with up - unweighting.
Terrain: Flat beginning, then moderate terrain, prepared slope.
Safety: Safe and general place.
Description of the movement
From the traverse in the basic position we invite the turn with diagonal vertical up motion (change of weight on front leg). The board flattens and then drifts into the fall line. Follows edging the snowboard and continuously down motion, joined with the gentle leaning of the body inside to the next turn. Continuously down motion build up steering pressure. We finish the turn in the basic position.
1.    Explanation and demonstration SB - teacher.
2.    Standing exercise - vertical motion in ankles and knees and  hips.
3.    Half turn - fan progression, start in high position.
4.    Garland - vertical up motion.
5.    One and half turn.
6.    Link turns.
7.    Technique program.
8.    Variation terrain, speed, radius.
Problem - solution
o    Rotation - keep the basic position, intensive change of weighting,
o    Small vertical movement - stationary exercise.
o    Inclining to the turn - technique program,
o    Timing - one turn, ride after instructor,
o    Fast vertical motion - continuously building up the steering pressure, half turn.
IX.    DRIFT TURN WITH DOWN - UNWEIGHTING
Objective: Link drift turn with down - unweighting.
Terrain: Flat beginning, then moderate terrain, prepared slope.
Safety: Safe and general place.
Description of the movement:
From the traverse in the basic position we invite the turn with diagonal vertical up motion (change of weight on front leg). The board flattens and then drifts into the fall line. Follows edging the snowboard and continuously up motion, joined with the gentle leaning of the body inside to the next turn. Continuously up motion build up steering pressure. We finish the turn in the basic position.
Exercise:
o    Explanation and demonstration SB - teacher.
o    Standing exercise - vertical motion in ankles, knees and hips.
o    Half turn - fan progression, start in low position.
o    Garland - vertical down motion.
o    One and half turn.
o    Link turns
o    Technique program.
o    Variation terrain, speed, radius.
Problem - solution
o    Rotation - keep the basic position.
o    Small vertical movement - stationary exercise.
o    Inclining to the turn - technique program.
o    Timing - one turn, ride after instructor.
o    Fast vertical motion - continuously building up the steering pressure, half turn.
X.    BASIC CARVED TURN
Objective: Link basic carved turns.
Terrain: Flat terrain, prepared slope.
Safety: Safe and general place.
Precondition: Stabilized basic position, riding with higher speed.
Description of the movement:
By carved turn is whole body inclined into the turn. Edge is changed directly before the fall line, from beginning is built up the steering pressure. Snowboard follows the radius, snowboard carve.
 Exercise:
1.    Explanation and demonstration SB - teacher.
2.    Standing exercise (partner).
3.    Half turn - fan progression.
4.    Garland - vertical down motion.
5.    One and half turn.
6.    Link turns.
7.    Technique program.
8.    Variation terrain, speed, radius.
Problem - solution
o    Ending by knees, hips, or upper body - correct position, stationary exercise, rides with magic stick, technique program.
o    Snowboard drift - more inclination, gentle steep terrain.
XI TECHNIQUE PROGRAM
Objective: Improving and stabilization learned skills and technique. Variable application of learned abilities.
1. Exercise for long turns
o    standing exercise - simulation of motion (partner)
o    right position (basic position, +, position)
o    forward hand on the forward knee
o    forward hand on the front knee, backward hand behind the back
o    both hand behind the back
o    exercise with teaching helps (slalom gate, magic stick, rope etc.)
o    right position - verbal correction while boarding
o    school of balance - learning backwards, forwards, higher position,    lower position
o    hands on knees - knee flexion, lower position
o    hands on hips - balance and position
o    hands crossed on upper body - balance and position
o    hands behind head - right position
o    variation terrain, speed, radius turn, snow condition  

2. Exercise with slalom gate for long turns
o    standing exercise - simulation of the right position
o    slalom gate lower position
o    slalom gate - in front of body, right position
o    slalom gate - over head
o    slalom gate - behind head
o    slalom gate - behind back
o    slalom gate - under knees
o    variation terrain, speed, radius turn, snow condition
o    right radius - follow teacher, slalom
3. Steering school
o    half turn, garland, one and half turn
o    standing exercise - simulation of the right position
o    sequential building up steering pressure
o    jump while running
XII.FREESTYLE
Objective: Learn basic freestyle tricks, fakie ride, freestyle tricks while riding.
Terrain: Flat terrain, terrain waves. Safety: Safe and general place, helm.
Prescription: Drift turn with change of weighting, mobility in ankles and knees, courage.
Description of the movement: First we explain and demonstrate basic freestyle tricks, standing exercises, freestyle tricks while riding (safety).
1.    FAKIE
o    Fakie (repeat basic)
o    Ride forward, turn, fakie. Variation.
2.    STRAIGHT JUMP
o    Standing exercises, jump from both legs.
o    Jumps while straight running.
o    Jumps while straight running in traverse.
o    Small jump.
o    Jumps in terrain waves.
 OLLIE
o    Explanation and demonstration. o    Standing exercises - partner help, o    Link turns. o:  Ollie over barriers.
180° JUMP ON THE SLOPE
o    Explanation and demonstration
o    Standing exercise -180° jump, variation direction.
o    180° jump while riding.
o    180° jump while riding in traverse.
o    Variation, turn uphill, jump 180°, fakie.
o    Ditto link turns.
NOSEROLLE (frontside to frontside)
o    Explanation and demonstration.
o    Standing exercise, change of weighting, turn over nose.
o    While riding turn uphill on the frontside, noseroll, fakie.
TAILROLL (frontside to frontside)
o    Explanation and demonstration.
o    Standing exercise - change of weighting, turn over tail.
o    While riding turn uphill on the frontside, tailroll, fakie.
NOSEWHEELIE
o    Explanation and demonstration.
o    Standing exercise - partner help.
o    Nosewheelie, hands while riding on the snow.
o    Nosewheelie while riding.
TAILWHEELIE
o    Explanation and demonstration,
o    Standing exercise - partner help,
o    Tailwheelie while riding.